As prescribed by the Law of the Republic of Belarus “On Education”, education institutions are subject to a state accreditation, a procedure that certifies compliance of the content and quality of education provided by these institutions, and the level of education attained by their graduates with the education standards and entitling these institutions to issue diplomas and certificates of education. The decision to grant, deny or withdraw accreditation is based on the outcomes of attestation, a procedure that establishes institutional compliance with the relevant laws and legislation. Other quality control procedures established by the law “On education” include self-assessment, conducted in a manner prescribed by the Ministry of Education, and external audits of individual aspects of institutional performance.
All educational institutions must secure a license. The list of licensed institutions can be accessed by consulting official publications of the Ministry of Education and government of Belarus.
The criteria and methodology of quality control are grounded in educational standards. As prescribed by the Law “On Education”, educational standards contain general requirements concerning the levels of education, the duration of the education cycles at each level, types of institutions, specialities, qualifications and professions, and the format of certificates and diplomas of education. These are supplemented by sector standards, determining the structure of the curriculum, academic load, and quality assessment criteria.
Control over the quality of education is assigned to the Department of Education Quality Control of the Ministry of Education. Total number of attestations performed by the Department in the first six months of 2007 was 99. Over 185 programmes were granted accreditation. The Department issued one new license and amended the licenses of 63 educational institutions.
Belarus has adopted a series of state social standards, which establish minimum criteria of availability, access and quality of social services. Of these criteria, ten refer directly to education and concern aspects such as minimum availability of places at preschool institutions (85%), ratio of enrolment in school preparation programmes (100%); minimum public expenditure on child upkeep at preschool institutions (1,710,000 roubles per child per year); and minimum public expenditure on the upkeep of children at general secondary institutions of all types (1,140,000 roubles per child per year), among others.